On June 13, 1886, the newly incorporated city of Vancouver, British Columbia was clearing brush out of the areas between Main and Cambie streets. A controlled fire was started to burn the brush and debris when suddenly a strong wind arose off the water and fanned the flames out of control, nearly burning the entire city to the ground. Only a few buildings were left standing and dozens of lives were lost. Within days, rebuilding efforts were begun, including the construction of a water tower and the formation of a fire brigade.